Teorias da Conspiração em Tempos de Pandemia Covid-19: Populismo, Media Sociais e Desinformação

Autores

  • Gil Baptista Ferreira Núcleo de Investigação em Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal/LabCom – Comunicação e Artes, Faculdade de Artes e Letras, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5917-1248

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17231/comsoc.40(2021).3324

Palavras-chave:

media, media sociais, desinformação, teorias da conspiração, covid-19, infodemia

Resumo

As plataformas de media sociais são há muito reconhecidas como grandes disseminadoras de desinformação sobre saúde. Estudos anteriores encontraram uma associação positiva entre a utilização dos media sociais como fonte principal de informação e a aceitação de formas de desinformação, como teorias da conspiração. Encontra-se ainda descrita a associação entre atitudes populistas e a valorização da informação através dos media sociais. A partir de um questionário aplicado a 242 respondentes após o primeiro estado de emergência da pandemia da covid-19 (março de 2020), em Portugal, o presente estudo possui como objetivo identificar antecedentes e pré-requisitos da crença em desinformação. Os dados obtidos sugerem que indivíduos com sentimentos populistas possuem menor confiança em estratégias institucionais de combate à pandemia, privilegiam os media sociais como fonte de informação e revelam uma maior aceitação de teorias da conspiração sobre a doença. A ligação, documentada na literatura, entre crença em teorias da conspiração e comportamentos de risco, recomenda a adoção de medidas de combate aos fatores de desinformação.

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Biografia Autor

Gil Baptista Ferreira, Núcleo de Investigação em Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Escola Superior de Educação, Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal/LabCom – Comunicação e Artes, Faculdade de Artes e Letras, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal

Gil Baptista Ferreira é doutor e agregado em ciências da comunicação, professor coordenador no Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra, onde é diretor do curso de Mestrado em Novos Media. É investigador no Núcleo de Investigação em Ciências Humanas do Instituto Politécnico de Coimbra e no LabCom – Comunicação e Artes, no grupo Comunicação e Media, e os seus interesses centram-se no estudo da relação entre os novos media e a vida social. De um modo mais específico, estuda problemáticas relacionadas a comunicação política na era digital e os desenvolvimentos mais recentes no campo do jornalismo, sobretudo os que se relacionam com as práticas de cidadania. Tem publicado artigos em revistas científicas e volumes coletivos em diversos países europeus e no Brasil. É autor dos livros Linguagem e Modernidade (2003), Comunicação, Media e Identidade (2009), Novos Media e Vida Cívica (2013) e Sociologia dos Novos Media (2018).

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Publicado

2021-12-20

Como Citar

Ferreira, G. B. (2021). Teorias da Conspiração em Tempos de Pandemia Covid-19: Populismo, Media Sociais e Desinformação. Comunicação E Sociedade, 40, 129-148. https://doi.org/10.17231/comsoc.40(2021).3324